In search of a connection: the circulation of ideas between Dutch and Tuscan jurists in the early modern age (XVII-XVIII centuries)
Paul Scholten Centre Colloquium with Brenno Bianchi
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The XVIII century in the italian peninsula is read as a struggle for reforms, carried out in the field of legislation. Nevertheless, the new enlightened ideas had to be placed inside the traditional legal framework. The Granduchy of Tuscany during the rule of Granduke Peter Leopold (1765-1790) was the italian state with the greatest reformistic achievements. The jurist class of the state supported this reformistic drive, likely for its heterodox cultural formation in comparison to the italian panorama. As an example, the Prime Minister Angelo Tavanti in his translation and comment of the John Locke work “Some Considerations on the consequences of the Lowering of Interest and the Raising of the Value of Money” shows a peculiar knowledge of northern european protestant jurist of natural law. This vast knowledge of protestant northern European jurists was an element shared by the bachelored at Pisa University. Since the end of XVII century, natural law doctrines had been thought at the University by the neohumanistic Giovanni Bonaventura Neri Badia and Giuseppe Averani, who was in a personal exchange with Noodt, Brenkman, Barbeyrac, Bynkershoek and Le Clerc. I hypothesize that the link starting this exchange between tuscan and dutch jurist has been the two trips of the then Prince Cosimo III to Amsterdam (1667-1668 and 1670) and the court of scholars who on those occasions he held at the palace of the tuscan slave trader Francesco Feroni.Nevertheless, the triumph of the dutch natural law doctrines and the elegant approach arrived in the first half of the XVIII century, as a tool for the foreign and internal debate. In this regard I cover briefly the grotian inspired Averani’s work De iuri belli et pacis disputatio and the debates about the institutional form of the tuscan state and the legal force of the Digest.
Brenno Bianchi is LERU visiting PhD student from Milan University at the Paul Scholten Centre.
Gustaaf van Nifterik (PSC)
Research colloquium, organised by the Paul Scholten Centre. This colloquium is open to all, no registration required. A copy of the paper can be obtained via email@example.com.